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Drug-Free Schools & Communities Act

Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act

Policy

The health and safety of Gordon College employees and students are matters of serious concern. Gordon College seeks to protect the public health and environment of all members of the College by promoting a drug-free environment in compliance with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989. Gordon College has developed this comprehensive statement about Gordon College’s programs designed to prevent the illicit use of drugs and abuse of alcohol by students and employees.

POSSESSION, USE AND DISTRIBUTION

Gordon College prohibits the possession, use or distribution of alcohol or illegal drugs on Gordon College property. Use of alcohol by underage students or abuse of alcohol by any student on or off campus is also a sanctionable offense since underage drinking is a violation of state law, and abuse of alcohol is considered conduct unbecoming of a Gordon student. Violations of these policies will result in discipline for students with a variety of sanctions up to and including expulsion. Violations by faculty and staff may be deemed grounds for immediate dismissal.

RATIONALE

Our Christian faith/beliefs include(s) redemption and the commands to be compassionate and bear each other’s burdens. The College reflects these beliefs in its policies: to be accountable for stewardship of our bodies, resources and abilities; to practice Christian forbearance to others’ sensitivities in exercising our freedoms; and to submit to the laws of our governments. Furthermore, we are concerned with the physical, social and personal effects of abuse of alcohol and drugs.

Assistance in Overcoming Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Early recognition and treatment of drug or alcohol abuse are important for successful rehabilitation, for economic return to the College, and for reduced personal, family and social disruption. Gordon College encourages the earliest possible diagnosis of and treatment for drug or alcohol abuse.

STUDENTS

Students who express the need for help in dealing with drug or alcohol dependencies are encouraged to use counselors in our Counseling Center who have training and experience in that area. In addition, off-campus agencies and self-help organizations can be contacted through the Counseling Center or the residence life staff. Most discipline cases involving alcohol or drug-related behavior result in counseling referral.

EMPLOYEES

Whenever feasible, Gordon College will assist employees in overcoming drug or alcohol abuse. Staff or faculty will be supported in dealing with dependency problems through release time and our health insurance, which includes coverage for counseling and therapy. However, the decision to seek diagnosis and accept treatment is primarily the individual employee’s responsibility. Employees with drug or alcohol-related problems should contact the director of personnel, their supervisors or the Office of Student Life.

EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL

Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person’s ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects described.

Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life-threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver.

Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk of becoming alcoholics than other children.

Summary of Legal Sanctions Covering Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Local, state and federal laws make illegal use of drugs and alcohol serious crimes. Conviction can lead to imprisonment, fines and assigned community service. Courts do not reduce prison sentences in order for convicted persons to attend college or continue their jobs. A felony conviction for such an offense can prevent you from entering many fields of employment or professions.

Cities and towns in Massachusetts, specifically Wenham, prohibit public consumption of alcohol and impose fines for violation. The Metropolitan District Commission also prohibits public consumption of alcohol in its parks around Boston.

Massachusetts laws prohibit sale or delivery of alcoholic beverages to persons under 21 with a fine of up to $2,000 or up to one year of imprisonment, or both. Misrepresenting one’s age or falsifying an identification to obtain alcoholic beverages is punishable by a fine of $300. First conviction of driving under the influence of alcohol has a $500-$5,000 fine, one-year revocation of driver’s license, and up to two and a half years in prison and mandatory alcohol rehabilitation.

Massachusetts has criminal penalties for use of controlled substances, or drugs, with penalties varying with the type of drug. In general, narcotic drugs, addictive drugs and drugs with a high potential for abuse have heavier penalties.

Possession of drugs is illegal without valid authorization. While penalties for possession are generally not as great as for manufacture and distribution of drugs, possession of a relatively large quantity may be considered distribution. Under both state and federal laws, penalties for possession, manufacture and distribution are much greater for second and subsequent convictions. Many laws dictate mandatory prison terms and the full minimum term must be served.

Massachusetts makes it illegal to be in a place where heroin is kept and to be “in the company” of a person known to possess heroin. Anyone in the presence of heroin at a private party or dormitory suite risks a serious drug conviction. Sale and possession of “drug paraphernalia” is illegal in Massachusetts.

Although the use of marijuana is now legal in the state of Massachusetts, Gordon College complies with Federal law which classifies marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance. All Schedule I drugs are illegal to prescribe and use under Federal law. As well, our institutional standards prohibit the use of marijuana on or off campus while enrolled as a student at Gordon College. Possession and/or use of medical marijuana (in any form) is also prohibited, even with a prescription. Violators are subject to campus, judicial and/or legal sanctions.

Persons convicted of drug possession under state or federal law are ineligible for federal student grants and loans for up to one year after the first conviction, two years after the second; the penalty for distributing drugs is loss of benefits for two years after the first, and permanently after the second conviction.

Under federal law, distribution of drugs to persons under age 21 is punishable by twice the normal penalty with a mandatory one year in prison; a third conviction is punishable by mandatory life imprisonment. These penalties apply to distribution of drugs in or within 1,000 feet of a college or school. Federal law sets greatly heightened prison sentences for manufacture and distribution of drugs if death or serious injury results from use of the substance.

DRUNK-DRIVING LAW

In 1994 Massachusetts enacted a drunk-driving law with major penalties for underage drunk drivers. The law establishes what is known as “zero tolerance” for blood alcohol level (in drivers aged 16 to 21). For such drivers, any alcohol level greater than .02 will result in automatic on-the-spot revocation of the driver’s license. The .02 amount is roughly equivalent to one drink or one beer. For adults over 21 the maximum permitted level in the blood is .08.

RULES FOR YOUNG DRIVERS

  • A .02 blood alcohol concentration (BAC) earns an under-21 driver a three-month license suspension.
  • Drivers under 21 who refuse a breath test face automatic three-year loss of license.

ALSO, IF A DRIVER IS UNDER 21:

  • It is illegal to purchase alcohol or to have another individual buy alcohol for you.
  • It is illegal to knowingly possess, transport or carry alcohol—unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian or if transported during the course of employment for individuals 18–21.
  • It is illegal to alter or falsify a driver’s license.

An under-21 driver who violates any of these three laws now earns a mandatory three-month license suspension per violation.

Federal Trafficking Penalties

CSA

2nd Offense

1st Offense

Quantity

DRUG

Quantity

1st Offense

2nd Offense

I

 

 

 

 

II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Not less than 10 years. Not more than life.

 

 

 

 

If death or serious injury, not less than life.

 

 

 

 

 

Fine of not more than $8 million individual, $50 million other than individual

Not less than 5 years. Not more than 40 years.

 

 

 

 

 

If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years. Not more than life.

 

 

 

Fine of not more than $5 million individual, $25 million other than individual

10–99 gm  mixture

Fentanyl Analogue

100 gm or more mixture

Not less than 10 years. Not more than life.

 

 

 

 

If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years. Not more than life.

 

 

 

Fine of not more than $10 million individual, $50 million other than individual

Not less than 20 years. Not more than life.

 

 

 

 

If death or serious injury, not less than life.

 

 

 

 

Fine of not more than $20 million individual, $75 million other than individual

100–999 gm mixture

Heroin

1 kg or more mixture

1–9 gm mixture

LSD

10 gm
or more mixture

500–4999 gm 
mixture

Cocaine

5 kgs or more mixture

28–279 gms mixture

Cocaine Base

280 gm or more  mixture

10–99 gm pure or 
100–999 gms mixture

PCP

100 gm or more pure or 1 kg or more mixture

40–399 gm mixture

Fentanyl

400 gm or more mixture

5–49 gm pure or
50–499 gm mixture

Methamphetamine

50 gms or more pure or 500 gms or more mixture

 

Class

Drug

Quantity

1st Offense

2nd Offense

 

Others*

Any

Not more than 20 years. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life. Fine $1 million individual, $5 million not individual.

Not more than 30 years. If death or serious injury, not less than life. Fine $2 million individual, $10 million not individual.

III

All

Any

Not more than 10 yrs. If death or serious bodily injury, not more that 15 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2.5 million if not an individual.

Not more than 20 yrs. If death or serious injury, not more than 30 yrs. Fine not more than $1 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.

IV

All

Any

Not more than 5 yrs. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.

Not more than 10 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if other than an individual.

V

All

Any

Not more than 1 yr. Fine not more than $100,000 if an individual, $250,000 if not an individual.

Not more than 4 yrs. Fine not more than $200,000 if an individual, $500,000 if not an individual.

*Does not include marijuana, hashish or hash oil

 

Federal Trafficking Penalties - Marijuana

Quantity

Description

1st Offense

2nd Offense

1,000 kg or more or 1,000 or more plants

Marijuana

 

Mixture containing detectable quantity*

Not less than 10 yrs. or more than life. If death or serious bodily injury, not less than 20 yrs., or more than life. Fine not more than $10 million if an individual, $50 million if other than an individual.

Not less than 20 yrs. or more than life. If death or serious bodily injury, life imprisonment. Fine not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if other than an individual.

100 kg to
999 kg or
100–999 plants

Marijuana

 

Mixture containing detectable quantity*

Not less than 5 yrs. or more than 40 yrs. If death or serious bodily injury, not less than 20 yrs. or more than life. Fine not more than $5 million if an individual, $25 million if other than an individual.

Not less than 10 yrs. or more than life. If death or serious bodily injury, life imprisonment. Fine not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if other than an individual.

More than 10 kgs hashish;
50–99 kg marijuana mixture

More than 1 kg of hashish oil; 50–99 plants

 

Marijuana

Hashish

Hash Oil

Marijuana Plants

Not more than 20 yrs. If death or serious bodily injury, not less than 20 yrs. or more than life. Fine $1 million if an individual,
$5 million if other than an individual.

Not more than 30 yrs. If death or serious bodily injury, life imprisonment. Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual.

Less than 50 kg; 1–49 plants

10 kg or less

1 kg or less

Marijuana


Hashish

Hash Oil

Not more than 5 yrs. Fine not more than $250,000,
$1 million if other than an individual.

Not more than 10 yrs. Fine $500,000 if an individual,
$2 million if other than individual.

*Includes hashish and hashish oil

 

Drugs of Abuse

 

   

DEPENDENCE

     

DRUGS

TRADE OR OTHER NAMES

PHYSICAL

PSYCHOLOGICAL

POSSIBLE EFFECTS

EFFECTS OF OVERDOSE

WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

NARCOTICS

Opium

Dover’s Powder, Paregone, Parapectolin

High

High

Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea

Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death

Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating

Morphine

Morphine, MS-Contin, Roxanol, Roxanol SR

High

High

Codeine

Tylenol w/Codeine, Empirin w/Codeine, Robitussin A-C, Fiorinal w/Codeine

Moderate

Moderate

Heroin

Diaceltylmorphine, Horse, Smack

High

High

Hydromorphone

Diaudid

High

High

Meperidine (Pethidine)

Demerol, Mepergan

High

High

Methadone

Dolophine, Methadone, Methadose

High

High - Low

Other Narcotics

Numorphan, Percodan, Percacet, Tylox, Tussionex, Fentanyl, Darvon, Lomotil, Tatwin

High - Low

High - Low

DEPRESSANTS

Chloral Hydrate

Noctec

Moderate

Moderate

Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol

Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death

Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death

Barbiturates

Amytal, Bubsol, Fiorinal, Lotusate, Nembutal, Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital

High - Mod

High - Mod

Benzodiazepines

Ataivan, Dalmane, Diazepam, Librium, Xanax, Serax, Valium, Tranvexe, Verstran, Versed, Halcion, Paxipm, Restoril

Low

Low

Methaqualone

Quaalude

High

High

Glutethimide

Doriden

High

Moderate

Other Depressants

Equalnil, Miltown, Noludar, Placydyl, Valmid

Moderate

Moderate

 

STIMULANTS

Cocaine1

Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack

Possible

High

Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite

Agitation, increase in body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death

Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation

Amphetamines

Diphetamine, Delcovese, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, Obetrol

Possible

High

Phenmetrazine

Preludin

Possible

High

Methylphenidate

Ritalin

Possible

Moderate

Other Stimulants

Adipex, Cylert, Didrex, Ionamin, Lelfist, Plegine, Sanorex, Tenuate, Tepanil, Prelu-2

Possible

High

HALLUCINOGENS

LSD

Acid, Microdot

None

Unknown

Illusions and hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance

Longer, more intense “trip” episodes, psychosis, possible death

Withdrawal syndrome not reported

Mescaline and Peyote

Merc, Buttons, Cactus

None

Unknown

Amphetamine Variants

2.5 DMA, PMA, STP, MDA, MDMA, TMA, DOM, DOB

Unknown

Unknown

Phencyclidine

PCP, Angel Dust, Hog

Unknown

High

Phencyclidine Analogues

PCP, PCPy, TCP

Unknown

High

Other Hallucinogens

Dufotenine, Ibogaine, DMT, DET, Psilocytin, Pellocyn

None

Unknown

CANNABIS

Marijuana

Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Reefer, Sinsemilia, Thai Sticks

Unknown

Moderate

Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disoriented behavior

Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis

Insomnia, hyperactivity, and decreased appetite occasionally reported

Tetrahydrocannab-inol

THC, Marinol

Unknown

Moderate

Hashish

Hash

Unknown

Moderate

Hashish Oil

Hash Oil

Unknown

Moderate

ALCOHOL

   

Repeat use of alcohol can lead to dependence

Repeat use of alcohol can lead to dependence

Impaired judgment and coordination, increased incidence of aggressive acts

Respiratory, depression, death

Severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, convulsions