In nontechnical text,
two 12 23 391
Twenty-three beavers live in Coy Pond.
Use numerals for
June 29, 2015 1:30 p.m. 1:30 in the afternoon Emma turned 21 in March.
a 2-credit course Donna needs 4 more credits to graduate. 0.4 2.93
The Scots controlled the game and rolled to a 3–0 victory.
According to last week's survey, 61 percent of Gordon students voted in 2014.
Spell out and hyphenate simple fractions in sentences when they express a quantity.
When discussing the collective parts of something, omit the hyphen.
Scroll down to Fractions section for Web-specific instructions.
one-fourth of Gordon students a two-thirds majority
Researchers roped off the four quarters of the dig site.
If a number below 10 and a number above 10 appear in the same sentence, the general rule is to use numerals for both if they refer to similar things.
If they quantify different things, express one with a word and the other with a numeral, if necessary, to avoid confusion. However, style is flexible on this point; it is fine to use words for both, or numerals for both, if this would not prove confusing.
Of the 38 debaters participating, 9 also will coach participating high school teams.
This is a banner year for the league, which is fielding four 12-person teams for the first time.
In sentences, spell out months. If specifying month, day and year, use a comma as shown below. When specifying month and year only, do not use a comma.
If the sentence continues, use a comma after the year, too.
The Christmas Gala will take place on December 4 and 5, 2015.
Tennis players and coaches will serve in the Dominican Republic in January 2016.
The storm of May 12, 2006, is known as the "Mother's Day storm."
In calendar listings and similar materials, abbreviate dates numerically using backslashes.
Use ordinal numbers—numerals plus "th," "st" or "rd"—for anniversaries, milestones and class reunion years.
Superscript the letters.
Superscripting sometimes throws off line spacing. In such cases, type the letters after the numeral at normal text level, as shown at the right below.
Gordon College's 121st Commencement 5th reunion 25th Reunion
1800s, not 1800's
Spell out and lowercase the first through ninth century.
Use ordinal numbers for all others (including future centuries); superscript the letters. (For more on ordinal numbers, scroll down.)
Hyphenate centuries when used as adjectives.
1990s second century B.C. ninth century 10th-century building 21st century
2012–2013 and 2012–13 both are acceptable. Link the years with an en dash.
In sentences, spell out and hyphenate simple fractions such as one-half and two-thirds.
In charts and technical material that accompany College communications, express more complex fractions in decimal form when that is practical.
If complex fractions must appear in the text of College communications, use a readable format.
When writing for the web, spell out all fractions. Specialists very familiar with a specific computer program may be able to successfully format numerical fractions in Web text, but as technical details differ by program, we will not attempt to provide instructions here. When writing for the College website, it is fine to express fractions as hyphenated words.
Use numerals and straight quotes to express feet and inches. 18'3"
The guidelines in "Numerals or Words?" at the top of this section apply to measurements.
18' 18'3" three miles 162 pounds 17.2 liters fifteen thousand acres
When a measurement functions as an adjective, hyphenate it.
Gordon College's 485-acre campus
Use a dollar symbol and numerals.
Except in financial documents,
five dollars $5.00 $5.
$450 $450.87 $457,000 $3.2 million 10 euros 1 real 55 reais
Use numerals plus "th," "st" or "rd" to express these types of ordinal numbers:
As a rule, superscript the letters.
Superscripting sometimes throw off line spacing. In such cases, type the letters after the numeral at normal text level.
21st-century skills the 109th Cavalry 25th Reunion class
Gordon College's 121st Commencement
5th-seeded team 2nd-place-finisher
In sentences, use periods between the groups of numerals. Do not use parentheses.
For more information call 978.827.2300.
In contact information blocks, space between groups of numerals.
Omit punctuation completely.
Precede each number with an Identifying letter: P for phone, F for fax, E for email.
P 978 827 2300
F 978 827 4326
In numbers of 4 or more digits, use a comma after the thousands place. 1,005
Special case: omit the comma from SAT scores. 1260
Within any range of numbers meant to convey from A through B, use an unspaced en dash.
8:30–11:30 a.m. January 14–28, 2016 1967–1983 pages 8–17
The Scots triumphed 15–11.
If you use from, to, between or a similar word in a sentence to introduce a range of numbers, link the numbers with a word—not with an en dash. Instead, use to, until or through between the numbers.
Racquetball courts are available from 7:30 through 10 p.m.
Use numerals to report test scores and athletic scores.
Formats vary by sport. See the Athletics section of this style guide, or consult the "Sports Guidelines and Style" section of the Associated Press Stylebook (available in the Gordon Athletics and College Communications offices).
Use numerals to express hours and minutes. If a time is "on the hour," do not enter zeros—just use the numeral representing that hour.
3:25 p.m. 3 p.m.
In material that will be printed, use small capital letters and periods for A.M. and P.M.
On the College website (and in other media that cannot display "small caps") lowercase a.m. and p.m.
Style is flexible regarding noon and midnight; use those words, or numerals.
When it is necessary to identify a time zone, use three-letter abbreviations with no punctuation. Those for the continental U.S. are listed below.
12 A.M. noon
12 P.M. midnight
On website: 1:30 a.m. 8 p.m.
5 P.M. EST 5 P.M. CST 5 P.M. MST 5 P.M. PST
In a schedule, announcement, or list use an unspaced en dash between the start and end time.
In a sentence introduce the time range with from and use to, through, or until between the numerals.
Polling hours: 7 a.m.–8 p.m. Polls will be open from 7 a.m. through 8 p.m.