Biology Courses

*NSM216 Introduction to Geology (4)
Core nonlab physical science option. See divisional descriptions.

*NSM220 Human Biology, Health and Disease (4)
Core life science lab option. See divisional course descriptions.

*NSM222 Environmental Science (4)
Core life science nonlab option. See divisional course descriptions.

BIO150 Biology I: Cells and Genetics (4)
Introduces fundamental concepts in biology including an overview of cell structure and metabolism, photosynthesis and respiration. Cellular macromolecules and flow of information in the cell from DNA to protein covered as well as examples of physiological integration up to the organism level. Offered each fall semester. Lab fee.

BIO151 Biology II: Animal Biology (4)
Introduces interrelationships of protozoans and animals by study of their morphology, taxonomy and physiology. Offered each spring semester. Lab fee.

BIO/HLP200, 201 Health Professions Seminars I,  II (0, 0)
Examines clinical experiences and related case studies in medical ethics. Consists of required sessions with and presentations from health care providers and researchers. Required of all premedical program participants during sophomore year; recommended for those interested in health-related careers. Course fee.

BIO213, 214 Human Anatomy and Physiology I, II (4, 4)
Examines structure and function of human body. Emphasizes organ systems: skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, urinary and reproductive. Weekly laboratory. Lab fee.

BIO222/NSM222 Environmental Science (4)

In-depth study of environment and our interaction with it. Major topics include decline of ecosystems, global atmospheric change, loss of biodiversity and human population explosion.
Core life science non-lab option.

BIO225 Nutrition (4)

Explores fundamentals of current nutritional science; emphasizes physiological basis. Analyzes proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and their major functions, and importance of water. Encompasses whole person and integral role of nutrition in human health. Prerequisite: BIO150. (Alternate years.)

BIO230 Introduction to Marine Science (4)
Explores marine systems. Includes in-depth study of geological, chemical, physical and biological oceanography.
Emphasizes field experience. Prerequisite: BIO150. (Not offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO250 Biology III: Plants, Ecology and Evolution (4)

Introduces complex issues of evolution and ecology, focusing on plant biology. Discusses different ways Christians have addressed controversial issues in biology. Offered each fall semester. Lab fee.

BIO260 Introduction to Research in Biology (2)
Emphasizes skills necessary to become working scientist and sets stage for upper-level biology courses. Meets once per week. Offered each spring.

*BIO291 International Seminar: Sustainable Tropical Agriculture (4)
Core life science lab option. Offered during winter break in Florida and Haiti or Honduras. See department information.

BIO/HLP300, 301 Health Professions Seminars III, IV (0, 2)
Provides interaction between students interested in medicine and allied health and practicing physicians, residents in training, medical students, researchers and paramedical professionals; prepares premed students for study of medicine. Required of premedical program participants, junior year. Prerequisites: BIO/HLP200, 201. Course fee.

BIO302 Crops and Society (4)
Studies major food crops in world agriculture: adaptation, production, utilization, morphology and reproduction. Focus on social, economic, political, cultural and environmental issues pertaining to past and modern agricultural practices.

BIO308 Botany (4)
Surveys plant diversity of vascular and nonvascular plants. Studies vascular plants of New England in natural habitats through field trips and in laboratory. Includes some collecting and pressing of specimens. Visits to botanical garden, herbarium and greenhouses. Weekly laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO250. Lab fee.

BIO309 Plant Anatomy and Physiology (4)
Examines anatomy, structure and function of plant bodies. Research methods emphasized in weekly laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO150, 250. (Alternate years. Not offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO310 Ecology (4)
Focuses on general principles of ecology including theory, classification of biota and field techniques. Central independent project with hypothesis test and poster presentation. Prerequisites: BIO250, 251. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO312 Animal Physiology (4)
Analyzes animal function: transport, nervous systems, coordination, muscles and movement, hormone systems, digestion, excretion, and osmotic and ionic regulation. Weekly laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO314 Microbiology (4)
Surveys growth, metabolism, molecular genetics, immunology and ecology of bacteria and viruses. Weekly laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO316 Modern Genetics (4)
Examines genetics, covering classical, cellular, molecular, population, microbial and developmental genetics. Weekly laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. Lab fee.

BIO321 Molecular Cell Biology and Microscopy (4)
Surveys subcellular structures, composition and function at the molecular level. Emphasis given to regulatory mechanisms of genetic information flow from DNA to protein, cell-cell signaling and cell cycle control. Clinical relevance of processes discussed. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151 or equivalent. Lab fee.

BIO323 Developmental Biology (4)
Experimental analytical approach to problems in gamete production, fertilization, growth, differentiation and
morphogenesis. Discussion of factors that control gene expression is emphasized. Experimental labs cover embryology, tissue culture and protein analysis. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.
BIO331 Marine Biology Institute (4)
Introduces marine organisms through lecture, laboratory and extensive field experiences. Emphasizes ecology, morphology and taxonomy. Prerequisites: BIO151, 230 or approval of instructor. (Offered in even-numbered years: offered summer 2008.) Lab fee.

BIO333 Immunology (4)
Examines antibody-mediated and cell-mediated immunity. Incorporates recent information from molecular cell biology; major histocompatibility complex, T and B cell receptors and interactions, cytokines, tumor immunology. Weekly experimental labs. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. (Alternate years. Offered spring of even years.) Lab fee.

BIO340  Field Ornithology (2)
Studies ecology, behavior and identification of birds; identification of spring bird fauna by sight and sound. Includes field study of major habitats. Lab fee.

BIO341/CH341 Biochemistry (4)
Introduces chemistry, reactions and metabolism of biologically important compounds. Biosynthesis and metabolic regulation of macromolecules. Protein structure and function. Nucleic acids and introduction to molecular biology. Prerequisites: CHE211, 212; BIO150. Lab fee.

BIO371 Selected Topics (2 or 4)
Explores topic not regularly offered. Students may enroll more than once if topic changes. Prerequisites set by instructor.

BIO415 Parasitology (4)
Exploration of the diverse parasite fauna of lower and higher vertebrates (including man) and invertebrates. Emphasis on taxonomy, morphology, evolution, ecology and life history of parasitic protozoans, helminths and arthropods. Labs involve dissection, collection and identification of variety of hosts. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.) Lab fee.

BIO425 Internship (variable)
Supervised internship off campus combining on-the-job work experience with related academic study. Must be prearranged and approved by instructor and Registrar's Office. Prerequisite: minimum cumulative GPA of 2.50.

BY440 Advanced Techniques in Ecology (2 or 4)
Focus on field techniques, including use of GPS, and on data analysis of community and population ecology data. Connections with local groups will lead to field project. Individual research. Prerequisites: BIO150, 151, 250. (Alternate years. Offered 2008-09.)

BIO471, 472 Research I,  II (Variable)
Opportunity for upper-class biology majors to pursue specific problem. Involves participation in ongoing research of biology staff or problem outlined by student before course begins. Maximum two terms. (Variable credit with maximum of 4 credits per term.) Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

BIO491-Senior Seminar: Topics in Biology (2)
Explores spectrum of subjects relevant to modern biological enterprise including bioethical, environmental and origins issues. Students prepare and present topical paper reviewing current literature on relevant subject and prepare resume for career planning purposes.

AuSable Institute of Environmental Studies
Gordon is one of the charter members of AuSable Institute, an environmental science program that teaches field courses for a variety of Christian liberal arts colleges. AuSable Institute offers courses approved for the environmental concentration or that fulfill core requirements for nonmajors and electives for biology majors. National campuses are located in Michigan and Washington state; international campus in India. AuSable students can get certificates as a naturalist or as a land, water or environmental resources analyst. Offerings may vary annually. See AuSable representative Dr. Dorothy Boorse. Course information is available on the AuSable website at